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Our Scientific Contributions

A complete list of our papers is available on Google Scholar.

Co-first Authors#, Undergraduate Authors*, Corresponding Authors


  • Kaur, R., McGarry, A., Shropshire, J. D., Leigh, B. A., & Bordenstein, S. R. (2024). Prophage proteins alter long noncoding RNA and DNA of developing sperm to induce a paternal-effect lethality. Science. [Article, Preprint, In the news]


  • Shropshire, J. D., Conner, W. R., Vanderpool, D., Hoffmann, A. A., Turelli, M., & Cooper, B. S. (2023). Rapid turnover of pathogen-blocking Wolbachia and their incompatibility loci. bioRxiv. [Preprint]


  • Shropshire, J.D., Hamant, E., Conner, W.R., & Cooper, B.S. (2022) cifB-transcription largely explains cytoplasmic incompatibility variation across divergent Wolbachia. PNAS Nexus. [Article]
  • Hague, M., Shropshire, J.D., Caldwell, C.N., Statz J.P., Stanek K.A., Conner, W.R., & Cooper, B.S. (2022) Temperature effects on cellular host-microbe interactions explain continent-wide endosymbiont prevalence. Current Biology. [Article, Primer by Stuckert & Matute]


  • Shropshire, J.D., Hamant, E.*, & Cooper, B.S. (2021) Male age and Wolbachia dynamics: Determining how fast and why bacterial densities and cytoplasmic incompatibility strengths vary. mBio. [Article]
  • Shropshire, J.D., Rosenberg, R.*, & Bordenstein, S.R. (2021). The impacts on cytoplasmic incompatibility factor (cifA and cifB) genetic variation on phenotypes. Genetics. [Journal cover, Article]
  • Kaur, R.K., Shropshire, J.D., Cross, K.L., Leigh, B., Mansueto, A.J., Stewart, V., Bordenstein S.R., and Bordenstein S.R. (2021). Living in the Endosymbiotic World of Wolbachia: A Centennial Review. Cell Host & Microbe. [Article]


  • Shropshire, J.D., Kalra, M.*, & Bordenstein, S.R. (2020). Evolution-guided mutagenesis of the cytoplasmic incompatibility proteins: Identifying CifA’s complex functional repertoire and new essential regions in CifB. PLOS Pathogens. [Article]
  • Pugazenthi, S.*, White, P.*, Basu, A.*, Chandrashekar, A.*, & Shropshire, J.D. (2020). Survey of Wolbachia prevalence in Nashville, Tennessee reveals novel infections. American Journal of Undergraduate Research. [Article]
  • Shropshire, J. D., Leigh, B., & Bordenstein, S. R. (2020). Symbiont-mediated cytoplasmic incompatibility: what have we learned in 50 years? eLife. [Article]


  • Layton, E.M.*, On, J.*, Perlmutter, J., & Bordenstein, S.R.& Shropshire, J.D. (2019). Paternal grandmother age affects the strength of Wolbachia-induced cytoplasmic incompatibility in Drosophila melanogaster. mBio. [Article]
  • Shropshire, J. D., & Bordenstein, S. R. (2019). Two-By-One model of cytoplasmic incompatibility: Synthetic recapitulation by transgenic expression of cifA and cifB in Drosophila. PLOS Genetics. [Article]
  • Shropshire, J. D., Leigh, B., Bordenstein, S. R., Duplouy, A., Riegler, M., Brownlie, J. C., & Bordenstein, S. R. (2019). Models and Nomenclature for Cytoplasmic Incompatibility: Caution over Premature Conclusions-A Response to Beckmann et al. Trends in genetics: TIG. [Article]


  • Shropshire, J. D., On, J.*, Layton, E. M.*, Zhou, H.*, & Bordenstein, S. R. (2018). One prophage WO gene rescues cytoplasmic incompatibility in Drosophila melanogaster. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. [Article, In the news]


  • LePage, D. P.#, Metcalf, J. A.#, Bordenstein, S. R., On, J.*, Perlmutter, J. I., Shropshire, J. D., Layton, E.M.*, Funkhouser-Jones, L. J., Beckmann, J.F., & Bordenstein, S. R. (2017). Prophage WO genes recapitulate and enhance Wolbachia-induced cytoplasmic incompatibility. Nature. [Article, In the news]
  • Shropshire, J. D. & A. Rokas (2017). Heredity: The gene family that cheats Mendel. eLife. [Article]


  • Shropshire, J. D. †,#, van Opstal, E. J.#, & Bordenstein, S. R. (2016). An optimized approach to germ-free rearing in the jewel wasp Nasonia. PeerJ. [Article]
  • Dittmer, J., van Opstal, E. J., Shropshire, J. D., Bordenstein, S. R., Hurst, G. D., & Brucker, R. M. (2016). Disentangling a holobiont–recent advances and perspectives in Nasonia wasps. Frontiers in Microbiology. [Article]
  • Shropshire, J. D., & Bordenstein, S. R. (2016). Speciation by symbiosis: The microbiome and behavior. mBio. [Article]


  • Shropshire, J.D., Moore, D., Seier, E., & Joplin, K. H. (2015). Male aggression, limited female choice and the ontogeny of mating behaviour in the flesh fly Sarcophaga crassipalpis. Physiological Entomology. [Article]


  • Moore, D., Paquette, C., Shropshire, J. D., Seier, E., & Joplin, K. H. (2014). Extensive reorganization of behavior accompanies ontogeny of aggression in male flesh flies. PLOS One. [Article]